Heat per Cord Ranking

(Source: http://forestry.usu.edu/htm/forest-products/wood-heating)
Species
Weight (lbs./Cord)
Heat per Cord (Million BTUs)
% of Green Ash
Ease of Splitting
Smoke
Sparks
Coals
Fragrance
Overall Quality
Green
Dry
Dogwood
4230
High
Difficult
Few
Fair
Osage-orange
5120
4728
32.9
165
Easy
Low
Many
Excellent
Excellent
Excellent
Oak, Gamble
30.7
Oak, White
5573
4200
29.1
146
Medium
Low
Few
Excellent
Good
Excellent
Locust, Black
4616
4016
27.9
140
Difficult
Low
Few
Excellent
Slight
Excellent
Beech
3760
27.5
Difficult
Few
Excellent
Good
Pinon
3000
27.1
Easy
Many
Apple
4850
3888
27.0
135
Medium
Low
Few
Good
Excellent
Excellent
Honeylocust
4640
3832
26.7
133
Easy
Low
Few
Excellent
Slight
Excellent
Oak, Bur
4960
3768
26.2
131
Easy
Low
Few
Excellent
Good
Excellent
Mulberry
4712
3712
25.8
129
Easy
Medium
Many
Excellent
Good
Excellent
Maple, Other
4685
3680
25.5
128
Easy
Low
Few
Excellent
Good
Excellent
Oak, Red
4888
3528
24.6
123
Medium
Low
Few
Excellent
Good
Excellent
Ash, White
3952
3472
24.2
121
Medium
Low
Few
Good
Slight
Excellent
Walnut, Black
4584
3192
22.2
111
Easy
Low
Few
Good
Good
Excellent
Juniper, Rocky Mountain
3535
3150
21.8
109
Medium
Medium
Many
Poor
Excellent
Fair
Larch (Tamarack)
3330
21.8
Easy-med
Many
fair
Slight
Fair
Coffeetree, Kentucky
3872
3112
21.6
108
Medium
Low
Few
Good
Good
Good
Hackberry
3984
3048
21.2
106
Easy
Low
Few
Good
Slight
Good
Pine, Lodgepole
2610
21.1
Easy
Many
Fair
Good
Fair
Elm, Siberian
3800
3020
20.9
105
Difficult
Medium
Few
Good
Fair
Fair
Birch
4312
2992
20.8
104
Medium
Medium
Few
Good
Slight
Fair
Douglas-fir
3319
2970
20.7
103
Easy
High
Few
Fair
Slight
Good
Cherry
3696
2928
20.4
102
Easy
Low
Few
Excellent
Excellent
Good
Ash, Green
4184
2880
20.0
100
Easy
Low
Few
Good
Slight
Excellent
Elm, American
4456
2872
20.0
100
Difficult
Medium
Few
Excellent
Good
Fair
Sycamore
5096
2808
19.5
98
Difficult
Medium
Few
Good
Slight
Good
Hemlock
2700
19.3
Easy
Many
Poor
Good
Maple, Silver
3904
2752
19.0
95
Medium
Low
Few
Excellent
Good
Fair
Boxelder
3589
2632
18.3
92
Difficult
Medium
Few
Poor
Slight
Fair
Aspen, Quaking
2160
18.2
Easy
Few
Good
Slight
Redcedar, Eastern
2950
2632
18.2
91
Medium
Medium
Many
Poor
Excellent
Fair
Chestnut
18.0
Good
Good
Willow
4320
2540
17.6
88
Easy
Low
Few
Poor
Slight
Poor
Alder
2540
17.5
Easy
Moderate
Good
Slight
Catalpa
4560
2360
16.4
82
Difficult
Medium
Few
Good
Bad
Fair
Pine, Ponderosa
3600
2336
16.2
81
Easy
Medium
Many
Fair
Good
Fair
Pine, White
2250
15.9
Easy
Moderate
poor
Good
Cottonwood
4640
2272
15.8
79
Easy
Medium
Few
Good
Slight
Fair
Spruce
2800
2240
15.5
78
Easy
Medium
Many
Poor
Slight
Fair
Spruce, Engleman
2070
15.0
78
Easy
Few
Poor
Slight
Fir, White
3585
2104
14.6
73
Easy
Medium
Few
Poor
Slight
Fair
Basswood (Linden)
4404
1984
13.8
69
Easy
Medium
Few
Poor
Good
Fair
Buckeye, Horsechestnut
4210
1984
13.8
69
Medium
Low
Few
Poor
Slight
Fair
Cedar, Red
2060
13.0
Easy
Low
Many
Poor
Slight
Fair
Poplar
2080
Low
Easy
Many
Fair
Bitter

 

Alphabetical Order

(Source: http://forestry.usu.edu/htm/forest-products/wood-heating)
Species
Weight (lbs./Cord)
Heat per Cord (Million BTUs)
% of Green Ash
Ease of Splitting
Smoke
Sparks
Coals
Fragrance
Overall Quality
Green
Dry
Apple
4850
3888
27.0
135
Medium
Low
Few
Good
Excellent
Excellent
Ash, Green
4184
2880
20.0
100
Easy
Low
Few
Good
Slight
Excellent
Alder
2540
17.5
Easy
Moderate
Good
Slight
Ash, White
3952
3472
24.2
121
Medium
Low
Few
Good
Slight
Excellent
Aspen, Quaking
2160
18.2
Easy
Few
Good
Slight
Basswood (Linden)
4404
1984
13.8
69
Easy
Medium
Few
Poor
Good
Fair
Beech
3760
27.5
Difficult
Few
Excellent
Good
Birch
4312
2992
20.8
104
Medium
Medium
Few
Good
Slight
Fair
Boxelder
3589
2632
18.3
92
Difficult
Medium
Few
Poor
Slight
Fair
Buckeye, Horsechestnut
4210
1984
13.8
69
Medium
Low
Few
Poor
Slight
Fair
Catalpa
4560
2360
16.4
82
Difficult
Medium
Few
Good
Bad
Fair
Cedar, Red
2060
13.0
Easy
Low
Many
Poor
slight
Fair
Cherry
3696
2928
20.4
102
Easy
Low
Few
Excellent
Excellent
Good
Chestnut
18.0
Good
Good
Coffeetree, Kentucky
3872
3112
21.6
108
Medium
Low
Few
Good
Good
Good
Cottonwood
4640
2272
15.8
79
Easy
Medium
Few
Good
Slight
Fair
Dogwood
4230
High
Difficult
Few
Fair
Douglas-fir
3319
2970
20.7
103
Easy
High
Few
Fair
Slight
Good
Elm, American
4456
2872
20.0
100
Difficult
Medium
Few
Excellent
Good
Fair
Elm, Siberian
3800
3020
20.9
105
Difficult
Medium
Few
Good
Fair
Fair
Fir, White
3585
2104
14.6
73
Easy
Medium
Few
Poor
Slight
Fair
Hackberry
3984
3048
21.2
106
Easy
Low
Few
Good
Slight
Good
Hemlock
2700
19.3
Easy
Many
Poor
Good
Honeylocust
4640
3832
26.7
133
Easy
Low
Few
Excellent
Slight
Excellent
Juniper, Rocky Mountain
3535
3150
21.8
109
Medium
Medium
Many
Poor
Excellent
Fair
Larch (Tamarack)
3330
21.8
Easy-med
Many
fair
Slight
Fair
Locust, Black
4616
4016
27.9
140
Difficult
Low
Few
Excellent
Slight
Excellent
Maple, Other
4685
3680
25.5
128
Easy
Low
Few
Excellent
Good
Excellent
Maple, Silver
3904
2752
19.0
95
Medium
Low
Few
Excellent
Good
Fair
Mulberry
4712
3712
25.8
129
Easy
Medium
Many
Excellent
Good
Excellent
Oak, Bur
4960
3768
26.2
131
Easy
Low
Few
Excellent
Good
Excellent
Oak, Gamble
30.7
Oak, Red
4888
3528
24.6
123
Medium
Low
Few
Excellent
Good
Excellent
Oak, White
5573
4200
29.1
146
Medium
Low
Few
Excellent
Good
Excellent
Osage-orange
5120
4728
32.9
165
Easy
Low
Many
Excellent
Excellent
Excellent
Pine, Ponderosa
3600
2336
16.2
81
Easy
Medium
Many
Fair
Good
Fair
Pine, Lodgepole
2610
21.1
Easy
Many
Fair
Good
Fair
Pine, White
2250
15.9
Easy
Moderate
poor
Good
Pinon
3000
27.1
Easy
Many
Poplar
2080
Low
Easy
Many
Fair
Bitter
Redcedar, Eastern
2950
2632
18.2
91
Medium
Medium
Many
Poor
Excellent
Fair
Spruce
2800
2240
15.5
78
Easy
Medium
Many
Poor
Slight
Fair
Spruce, Engleman
2070
15.0
78
Easy
Few
Poor
Slight
Sycamore
5096
2808
19.5
98
Difficult
Medium
Few
Good
Slight
Good
Walnut, Black
4584
3192
22.2
111
Easy
Low
Few
Good
Good
Excellent
Willow
4320
2540
17.6
88
Easy
Low
Few
Poor
Slight
Poor

 

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